Floor Registers

Vent Covers and Floor Registers

When it comes to decorating your home, one area that home owners often forget about are the heat registers. These vent covers are very easy to overlook, as they often seem like such an integral part of your home's structure. However, when you choose to use decorative registers in different rooms, it can really improve the overall integrity of your room designs. It is very unlikely that your current vent covers really fit the look you are going for, so why not choose some new ones?

Why get new vent covers?

You just got the new floors installed. So much work is already done but something is still missing. The heat register is that missing ingredient. With the new floor you wanted to add style, class and originality to your house. You can only complete that goal with the proper match of floor registers to your floor. Whether it is wood, cast iron, brass, aluminum, or plastic you want to end the work with a perfect match.

The process is identical to using the right color and quality of thread and buttons on your cloths. Ask yourself if you want to keep the old and broken green buttons on the newly remade black office suit.

The proper selection of floor registers will add style, class, richness, quality, originality, and high value to any home. You would want to match your floor and thus floor registers with the color and material of the floor, with the style of furniture in the rooms, and with the lighting in the rooms. Floor registers will give you added control for your air circulation as well as protect you, your kids, and your pets from any harm with regard to the open air ducts.

How do floor registers and cold air returns tie into my ventilation system?

Most homes are heated and cooled by one central air system. The system is composed of a furnace, an air conditioning unit, and ductwork. When it is summer, you turn off your furnace and begin to use your air conditioner. The cold air is transferred through your home by air ducts. For efficiency and uniform room temperatures, air is moved back to the air conditioner through cold air returns as well as floor registers and wall registers that you place at the entries to these air ducts. When winter comes, you turn off your air conditioner and turn on your furnace, and the cycle continues only this time with warm air through the vent covers.

Very often, we have exceptions for this central air system. We may not want a room to get warmed up as it is rarely used and thus save some money on the gas bill. We may also not want to cool down a basement because it is usually already cold and we may also save some money on the electricity bill. These are most common examples of why someone would want to control the air flow in their house. To allow or disallow the air to go through the vent covers, we simply shift the position of the lever on our floor registers and wall registers and circulation just keeps going without wasting unnecessary effort for keeping the uniform temperature in that room.

What is a floor register?

Floor register is cover that is placed on the air duct opening in your house. This vent cover gives you full control of air flow in the room. It protects anyone from harm by closing the ventilation duct and not allowing them to unknowingly injure themselves. Floor Registers are also used to accent the design features of the room, like the hardwood floor, fireplace, bar, door knobs, etc.

Floor register’s air control allows for two functions. By pressing the lever on the floor register’s damper box you can open the shutters allowing for a greater amount of air to stream into the room. Thus if your furnace is generating hot air - you will warm up the room, and if your furnace is generating cold air - you will cool the room. By pressing the lever on the floor register’s damper box the other way, you will close the shutters and thus have an opposite effect on the room’s air flow.

Floor Register consists of two integral parts. The grille - is an outside part of the floor register and is used to mainly cover the hole; and thedamper box - is an inside part of the floor register and is used to control the air flow through the ventilation duct. With the old design, damper box used to be glued onto the grill cover. The new design that comes from Décor Grates allows for the two parts to simply snap together. This provides the floor register with an added durability for the cases where the damper box is somehow disconnected from the grille. Anyone can simply reattach them back together.

Another component that comes separately to a floor register is an air filter. Room air filter allows for a cleaner air to pass through the damper box of the floor register. It reduces dust and thus greatly improves the air quality in the room and the house as a whole. The filter packs come in the sets of four and are easily changeable by anyone. The filters are made to simply snap on to the floor register’s damper box.

What is a heat register?

Heat Register is the same thing as a floor register. The difference is that with the "heat register" one is only referring to the winter heating control aspect of the floor register.

What is a wall register?

Wall Register is practically identical to the floor register. The difference between them is very minor and is usually detectable by the presence of two screw holes on the wall register which are absent on the floor register. The holes are filled with the accompanying matching screws to be able to attach the register to the wall or the ceiling.

What is a baseboard register?

Baseboard register is a register that is used to cover the air duct in a place where regular floor registers and wall registers are unable to. That place is usually located at the corners like the one between the wall and the floor. When an air duct is that close to the corner, standard sized floor register cannot be placed there and the baseboard register is used. Baseboard register does not have a damper box, thus one is unable to control the air flow through that particular air duct. In that regard it is similar to a cold air return.

What is a cold air return?

Cold Air Return is similar to the floor register but lacks the damper box that controls the air flow on a wall register. It is just a grille that covers the opening and is usually placed on the ventilation duct for air in-take.

What is a vent cover?

Vent Cover is a general term that refers to both floor registers and cold air returns. Vent covers are simply meant to be put on any air vent opening without any reference to specific functions of that cover. If you are looking for something more explicit than just a way to close the opening in your ventilation system, then you should not use this term as to avoid confusion.

What is a air grille?

Air Grille Return or Return Air Grille is exactly the same as Cold Air Return. Although cold air return is considered to be a correct term.

What is an air vent?

Air vent is a term identical to vent cover.

What is a grate?

Grate is also a term that is identical in use to a vent cover. Although unlike "vent cover" or "air vent" it does not limit the context to floor registers, cold air returns, or ventilation systems.

Various materials used to make a floor register

The art of building a good floor register comes from physics. Because of the added control and the location, wall and floor registers are subjected to a constant change in air pressure, temperature, and sometimes even physical force. This means that vent cover must be built with care and an accent on quality and longevity.

The materials must be carefully selected for their ability to withstand temperature variations, physical force and be air resistant at the same time. One cannot just take a piece of steel and place it to cover the vent opening. That steel will warp, twist, rust, and eventually fall out of the air duct forcing you to rapidly replace it.

Décor Grates who is a manufacturer of floor registers, wall registers, baseboard register and cold air returns that are sold at JustHomeDecor.com uses various materials for the task.

Solid Brass is the sturdiest of them all. It allows for amazing durability and air resistance while keeping the cost of the material relatively low. Brass is also known as a rich looking metal and gives the room that it is in an appearance of quality and high value.

Solid Aluminum is another metal used to make floor registers and cold air returns. It is not as durable as Solid Brass and is not as rich looking but it still does the job. Easily paintable it has the ability to be put almost into any atmosphere and thus possesses a touch of versatility in its use as a vent cover.

Steel is used only after being specially prepared to withstand the temperature variation that is required in the place of the floor register. Although physically durable metal, it is very much effected by natural forces that are abundant for any vent cover and thus requires special preparation. Steel is a good material due to its easily paintable properties as well. So even though it is not as good looking as Brass and not as versatile as aluminum, it is relatively cheaper and is a popular choice for a floor register built.

Wood is the material for looks and quality. No metal or plastic can give you the cozy feeling of a wood register. Oakmaple, and cherry are main wood materials used by Décor Grates. Some others also include bamboo, beech, and birch. Wood also has an added versatility due to its staining properties. By staining your wooden floor register you can give it absolutely any look you want.

Plastic is the least expensive material of them all. The plastic used by Décor Grates is specially designed to withstand temperature changes and thus is a perfect choice for anyone with a smaller budget. The only drawback of the plastic floor register is its looks. The technology has simply not come this far to mimic real material with plastic well. For any other practical purposes it is a fantastic supplement.

Multiplicity of designs for our wall and floor registers.

We are proud to offer our customers an exceptional collection of different floor registers to choose from. If your design ideas require decorative floor registers that will fit in with an elegant or more traditional decor, we have a number of different painted and metal finishes available to select from. If your home has a warmer or more country feel to it, choose from our wooden registers, available in several different wood finishes. What's more, we offer registers with different opening patterns, from the simplest slotted openings to the most elaborate designs and patterns. And to tie the whole feel of your room together, we also offer several matching baseboard and wall registers.

Some help with choosing the design of your vent covers

In addition to the visual product representation above, here is a list of all the floor register designs that we have available for you and how they may tie into the big picture of your room and your house. These are some general ideas and can be considered of some help when choosing your floor registers. These suggestions are very general and may not necessarily reflect every designer opinion, as we are all, oh so unique.

Abstract Floor Registers - a vent cover design that is strict yet adds a touch of originality to a room. This decorative register goes very well in an office, study room, library, or living room environments.

Art Décor Floor Registers - a vent cover that generally adds a little twist into an atmosphere. These decorative registers go best with African or Asian décor and are a perfect addition to a den, living room, or a library.

Contemporary Floor Registers - a vent cover design with strict and traditional guidelines. Fits into generally all settings and serves a more practical use rather then as a decoration. These floor registers tend to add order and conservative touch and are thus best for rooms with a working atmosphere.

Flushmount Floor Registers - vent covers that made specifically for hardwood floors. These grates look phenomenal when properly integrated into a hardwood floor of the same color. Almost unseen, flushmount floor register hide the ventilation system holes like nothing else can, while still performing the important functions of house air flow.

Geometric Floor Registers - mathematical floor grate design that tends to generate a feeling of professionalism and class. These decorative registers fit very well in a luxurious atmosphere. Marble and metal materials tend to work well with geometric floor register design.

Louvered Floor Registers - general vent cover design which is practical in any setting. These floor registers are probably the most common due to their traditional and simple design. They are used to cover the air duct and are rarely used to enhance the appearance of the room.

Oriental Floor Registers - a beautiful floor grate design that tends to go very well with Asian décor themes. These floor registers accentuate the idea of home and habitat and are perfect for bedrooms, living rooms, dining rooms, and kitchens alike.

Plastic Floor Registers - durable plastic vent covers that have a built-in damper box. There is no area where these heat registers would not fit. There is a multitude of colors available in this design for almost any scenery. The plastic floor registers are very practical but are usually not used as decorative registers.

Traditional Floor Registers - a floor grate design which is very widely used as it reacts well with almost any atmosphere. Available in large number of materials these decorative registers are a fit in any room design. Traditional floor grate is a popular choice to add value and practical use to any house.

Victorian Floor Registers - an elegant vent cover design that plays well with Victorian and Colonial style décor. This floor grate is a popular choice for a farm or a cottage due to its unison of simplicity and luxury.

Wood Lattice Floor Registers - relatively new vent cover design from Décor Grates. This floor grate is a beautiful addition to any wood covered room. It is visible and hidden at the same time, depending on the color scheme of the wood in the room.

Wood Louvered Floor Registers - a traditional floor register approach to a wooden design scheme. Floor grate is best for a cozy living room, bedroom, and library. It is also a good value addition to an office like atmosphere.

Wood Scrolled Floor Registers - a vent cover design that looks great in somewhat older housing. It has an unmistakable fairy tale feeling about it and best brings beauty and antique atmosphere into a bedroom or library.

Wood Slotted Floor Registers - a vent cover that allows for practicality in the room while adding value with wood. Wood Slotted Floor register is a floor grate that goes best in living rooms, dining rooms, and offices.

How to install

Floor Registers are very simple to install. Here are the steps:

  1. Determine the size of the vent cover that you require. This is the most difficult step as it has the biggest degree of subjectivity and variance. To perform the measurement correctly, remove the original vent cover to expose the ventilation opening. Use the ruler or measuring tape that provides the measurement in inches for ease of conversion.

    All Décor Grates vent covers are based on the dimensions of the air duct opening. The floor registers are designed to fit standard sizes of those openings. First in the floor grate’s measurement goes the width and then the length.
    Thus if the dimension of your air duct hole is 4 inches by 10 inches, the floor register size that you need is 4x10.
    If the dimension of your air duct hole is 10 inches by 4 inches, the floor register size that you need is also 4x10.

    The trick comes when your air duct holes were not cut properly and are not well suited for standard sizes that are produced by Décor Grates.

    For example if you measure your air duct hole to be 5 inches by 10 ½ inches. There is no standard size yet made to fit the width of 5 inches. And there isn’t really one in the plans as the ventilation opening sizes are defined based on the physics of the air flow. If this is the measurement that you’ve got the first thing you should do is double check it, as it very uncommon. If this is still the case then you have several alternatives.

    1. If the deviation of the opening size is not far off from the standard sizes then you may want to round down to the nearest standard size of a floor register. If the difference is less then 1 inch then you can still use the standard heat register and not worry about finding yourself a custom one. The only drawback of this is that the floor register may be a little bit loose in the air duct.

    2. If the deviation of the opening size is too big to round down, you may need to expand it in order to round up to the nearest standard floor register size. It is usually a very cumbersome procedure and is not widely recommended.

    3. The last alternative is to look for a custom size heat register cover. These are generally very expensive because the technology that makes the vent covers is only efficient in large scale production. Expect to see unreasonable prices on custom size floor registers.

  2. Unpack your new floor register

  3. Insert your new floor register into the opening

With the wall registers, the installation process is very much similar to the floor registers but requires two extra steps. After the initial size check, make sure that there is sufficient wall or ceiling space at the short ends of the wall register to allow for you to attach it to the wall with screws that are provided with your order. Next, there is an additional step 4 where you have to take a screw driver and attach the wall register to the wall or ceiling with the screws provided.

Wall registers can also be applied as floor registers. With some innovative thinking you can use the generally larger wall registers as floor registers and vice versa. This is quite handy when the size or design that you need is unavailable for a type of vent cover that you need. As mentioned above, wall registers are different from floor registers only by the existence of the two screw holes at the ends of the vent covers. Thus if you do not care about the existence of screw holes in your floor register or the need to make screw holes in your wall register it makes for a great constructive solution.

Flushmount floor registers installation is a more complicated procedure

  1. Locate where the ventilation duct is. Use the frame of the vent cover to mark where you would like the vent cover to be installed. Trace the outside of the frame with a pencil. In various instances you may have some flexibility to move the frame as the vent cover doesn’t have to be perfectly centered over the air duct opening. (For best job, buy a template for the opening size that you need. The template can be found in any construction store and comes with adhesive tabs that can be stuck onto the bottom of the template, keeping it in place once you find the right spot for the template using the outline you have made.)

  2. Use the router with a top guide bearing bit to allow you to cut out the area you need while running against the edge of the template. If you don’t have this bit, ask your local wood flooring distributor. You may need several passes with the router to complete the cut. (Vacuuming between every pass is important to make sure you get a good, clean cut.)

  3. With the full depth of the flooring cut, remove the wood flooring where the flushmount floor register will go.

  4. The router usually can’t cut into right angles on the template, so use a corner chisel to knock out the corners for the vent cover. If you don’t have a corner chisel, you can also use a regular chisel and a hammer.

  5. Gently use the handle of your hammer (or another piece of wood) to ease the frame of the floor register into the space for a dry fit. If necessary you can shim and glue the frame so it’s flush with the floor.

  6. Drop the vent cover into the frame. It may sit a bit loose inside it, so it can be easily removed for cleaning.

Do you sell custom sized floor registers?

No. The customization of the floor registers is not economically feasible. The technology is only efficient when large quantities of vent covers are produced. Custom size heat registers would be unique and thus very highly priced. It is much more economical (although often impractical) to resize the air duct hole instead.

If the only thing that concerns you is the lack of right color or material for the heat register size that you need, you can paint your floor register. Purchasing an unfinished oak register and a bit of proper varnish can make your dream color and design come true. Purchasing an aluminum or cast iron floor register requires for you to prime it before applying special paint that is suitable for metal.

Manufacturer

Décor Grates is the manufacturer or all vent cover products that are sold at JustHomeDecor.com. They are renowned for their remarkable quality of floor registers, metal tiles, and cold air returns.

How can I find out the Part ID of the vent cover that I require?

Part ID is the most precise part identification method available. It allows us to eliminate the major misunderstandings that can occur from subjective representation of color, design, price, and size of the floor register. To find the Part ID, click on the image of a heat register that you are interested in. It will appear on the consequent product page at the bottom of the full description which is to the right of the new item’s picture.

How do I take care of my floor registers?

Taking care of your floor registers is easy and simple. Vent covers are easily detachable and can be vacuumed with a pointed vacuum attachment that comes with most vacuum cleaners. Vacuuming your floor register takes care of the dust that may accumulate inside.

If you have a filter in your heat register, you can easily change it by taking out the register from the air duct, taking the old filter out, and snapping the new filter in its place. This is usually done once per season, as the filter pack contains 4 snap-on filters.

To give your register that extra shine, you don’t need anything special. Grab a wet cloth and gently polish the floor grate. If it is really stained and murky, use a cleaning formula. Take care as to not over-polish the floor register, as you may deteriorate the vent’s paint cover.

We have much more then just floor registers.

Once you have finished shopping through our vent covers, why not look at the other decor items that we have to offer? We are certain that our selection of different decorative tilesbath ensembles, and other accessories will help you to put together all of the beautiful rooms you have always dreamed of.

Floor Registers as Bathroom Accessories